23312. [44] Bhimsen had also secretly learned of a plot to oust Rana Bahadur. The current prime minister is KP Sharma Oli, since 15 February 2018.[5]. [4] The basic monthly salary of the prime minister of Nepal is NPR 77,280. In Past Kajis were equivalent to prime minister. Nepal's ruling Communist Party has split in two and the president, acting on the recommendation of Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, has ousted the parliament. In this massacre that lasted for about two weeks, a total of ninety-three people (16 women and 77 men) lost their lives. By 1804 this policy had failed. New video of Nepali politics The Prime Minister is a member of the House of Representatives of Nepal and is the highest ranking federal officer within the government. [20] The government was stated to have controlled by regents, Mukhtiyars and alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support. For instance; Thar Ghar in previous Gorkha hill principality. The supporters of a splinter group in the Nepal Communist Party marched peacefully in the center of Kathmandu as they demanded that Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli reinstate Parliament. Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli – Current Nepal PM. If I were the PM of Nepal, my paramount agenda would be to look for common ground to reach consensus among political parties. KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Tens of thousands of people protested in Nepal’s capital on Friday against the prime minister for dissolving Parliament and ordering new elections in … KATHMANDU: Nepal's caretaker Prime Minister K.P. [54][55] Bhimsen managed to kill everyone who did not agree with him or anyone who could potentially become a problem for him in the future. Mukhtiyar held the position of Executive Head till adoption of title of Prime Minister in 1843 A.D.[9] The first Mukhtiyar to title himself as Prime Minister, as per the British convention, was the last Mukhtiyar Mathabar Singh Thapa. The Prime Minister is a member of the House of Representatives of Nepal and is the highest ranking federal officer within the government. Prime Minister without leadership, result-oriented planning and mediator personality is not a prime minister at all. Ranodyot Shah was the eldest male heir apparent of Rana Bahadur Shah. [11][note 1] During the Rana dynasty, the position of Prime Minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal. [1] All prime ministers of Nepal between 1768 and 1950 were Chhetris with the exception of Ranga Nath Poudyal, being a Brahmin. [32] He then renounced his ascetic life and attempted to re-assert his royal authority. He is … In picture: Emergency Cabinet meeting underway at Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's residence in Kathmandu/ANI According to officials, Oli also addressed the National Assembly on Sunday. At the time of the Shah dynasty, the Mulkajis (Chief Kajis) or Chautariyas served the function of prime ministers in a council of 4 Chautariyas, 4 Kajis, and sundry officers. [35][36] After Rana Bahadur's reinstatement to power, he started to extract vengeance on those who had tried to keep him in exile. Prime ministers of Nepal with Some facts, information, history, and biography 1. [13] Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji since the fall of regent Chautariya Bahadur Shah of Nepal from central power in April 1794 by his newly active nephew, King Rana Bahadur Shah. This is because Section 75 of the Constitution explicitly vests the executive power of the federal government in the Council of Ministers–of which the Prime Minister is the leader–not the president. It also led to the establishment of a permanent British Residency. This video belongs to Nepal political situation.Role of Nepali polital parties. Bhimsen Thapa ruled for 31 years as Mukhtiyar and implemented large number of reforms in agriculture, forestry, trade and commerce, judiciary, military, communications, transportations, slavery, human trafficking and other social evils in his premiership. His first wife was Rajrajeshwori Devi with whom he begot one daughter. [21][14] Rana Bahadur appointed Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Chief (Mul) Kaji among the newly appointed four kajis though Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji. Nepal Communist Party (NCP) led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Madhav Kumar Nepal on Friday decided to seek clarification from Prime Minister … [33] This led to a direct conflict with almost all the courtiers who had pledged a holy oath of allegiance to the legitimate king Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. [6] Mukhtiyar is formed from two words: Mukhya and Akhtiyar. [46][47] Among those implicated was Sher Bahadur Shah. After the revolution of 1951, non-aristocratic citizens like Matrika Prasad Koirala held the position of prime minister still under the declaration of the King of Nepal. In the latter cases, the person appointed as prime minister must win a confidence vote within 30 days. [60] Bhimsen further consolidated his power by disenfranchising the old courtiers from the central power by placing them as administrators of far-flung provinces of the country. After he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960, King Mahendra established the Panchayat system and the country did not have a democratic government until 1990. KP Oli took office as the prime minister on February 15, 2018 for the second time. [17] There was no single successful coalition government as court politics were driven from large factional rivalries, consecutive conspiracies and ostracization of opponent Bharadar families through assassination rather than legal expulsion. If no majority coalition can be formed within 30 days of the final result of a parliamentary election, the president is required to appoint the leader of the largest party in the chamber. The first elected prime minister was B. P. Koirala, in 1959. The Prime Minister has a more enhanced constitutional role than his counterparts in other parliamentary democracies. Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli was born 22 February 1952 on Terathum of Nepal, more commonly famous in politics as K. P. Oli. During the minority of the King Girvan Yuddha, Damodar Pande took over the administration as Mulkaji, or prime minister (1799-1804), with complete control over administration and the power to conduct foreign affairs. The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, romanized: Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. The appointment process of the prime minister of Nepal as per Section 77 (1) of 2015 Constitution of Nepal is as follows:[67]. These are selected at different time duration. In most other parliamentary republics, the president is at least the nominal chief executive, while being bound by convention to act on the advice of the cabinet. Among them was Prithvipal Sen, the king of Palpa, who was tricked into imprisonment, while his kingdom forcefully annexed. Rana Bahadur Shah had two legitimate wives before marrying Kantavati. [9] Similarly, historian Chittaranjan Nepali writes that the first institution to hold all state powers was the position of Mukhtiyar which was established after King Rana Bahadur Shah returned to Nepal from Varanasi. However, historians believe that Kaji Damodar Pande was the first person to hold power as a Prime Minister as the modern system of administration originated in Nepal with the emergence of Damodar Pande. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal. [26][27] On subsequent February, Damodar Pande was appointed by Queen Rajrajeshwari as Mulkaji (Chief Kaji)[28] as a reward for establishing her regency. [24] During Bakhtawar's tenure as the Mul Kaji, on 28 October 1801, the Treaty of Commerce and Alliance was signed between Nepal and East India Company. [note 5][40][39] Rana Bahadur also punished those who did not help him while in exile. ", "Baluwatar vacated - The Himalayan Times", "PM's Office - Heritage Tale - ECSNEPAL - The Nepali Way", "Left alliance urges President to appoint UML Chair Oli as prime minister", "English Translation of "मुख्य" - Collins Hindi-English Dictionary", "English Translation of "अख़्तियार" - Collins Hindi-English Dictionary", The Bloodstained Throne Struggles for Power in Nepal (1775-1914) - Baburam Acharya, "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 75 Executive power", "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 76 Constitution of Council of Ministers", "Part 7 Federal Executive, Section 77 Vacation of office of Prime Minister and Minister", "The failure of Captain Knox's mission in Nepal", Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prime_Minister_of_Nepal&oldid=996575361, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Until the term of House of Representatives; or the Prime Minister resigns/vote of no confidence is passed/ceases to be member of HoR/dies, 1983–1986; 1990-1990; 1997-1997; 2002-2003, 1995–1997; 2001-2002; 2004–2005; 2017-2018. [17][note 2] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. KATHMANDU, Jan 13: Chairperson of the Dahal-Nepal faction of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP), Pushpa Kamal Dahal, has accused Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli of dissolving the House of Representatives and bringing vertical split in the ruling party at the behest of India. He also said that 2021 will be the year when there will no problems between the two countries. [17] Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. [4][5] During the Rana dynasty, the position of prime minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal. Discord and division continue inside the Nepal Communist Party, which has not split formally but has virtually fallen apart after Prime Minister K.P. All the other wives (except Subarnaprabha[61]) and concubines of Rana Bahadur, along with their handmaidens, were forced to commit sati. Those who had helped Rana Bahadur to return to Kathmandu were lavished with rank, land, and wealth.Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mulkaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor). [8] Altogether it means the "Executive Head of the State". The death of King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah in 1816 before his maturity, and the immature age of his heir, King Rajendra Bikram Shah, coupled with the support from Queen Tripurasundari (the junior queen of Rana Bahadur Shah) allowed him to continue to remain in power even after Nepal's defeat in the Anglo-Nepalese War. Per Section 76, the prime minister is the chairman of the Council of Ministers and thus exercises executive power collectively with the Council of Ministers.[65]. The monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly, and the country was declared a federal democratic republic. The main policy of Damodar Pande was to protect the young king by keeping his unpredictable father in Banaras and to play off against each other the schemes of the retired king's wives. [14] Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji[22] while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah. [14][31] After the inevitable death of Kantavati, Rana Bahadur suffered a mental breakdown during which he lashed out by desecrating temples and cruelly punishing the attendant physicians and astrologers. [20] Per historians and contemporary writer Francis Hamilton, the government of Nepal[note 3] comprised, Per historian Dilli Raman Regmi, the states the government of Nepal were, In 1794, King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal, had no official part to play. Fax: +977-1-4211065, 4211086, 4211038, 4211021, 4211047. Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, more commonly known as K. P. Sharma Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal. On the day, I have compiled the list of all the prime ministers of Nepal. [20] At the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. [14] By 1797, his relationship with his uncle, who was living a retired life, and who wanted to seek refuge in China on the pretext of meeting the new emperor, had deteriorated to the extent that he ordered his imprisonment on 19 February 1797 and his subsequent murder on 23 June 1797. Pro-government activists holding portraits of Nepal's Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, also known as K.P. As of January 2021, there are following living former prime ministers: Opinion on First Prime Minister: Damodar Pande or Bhimsen Thapa, Fall of Bahadur Shah and rise of Damodar Pande (1794-1804), Fall of Damodar Pande and rise of Bhimsen Thapa (1804), Thapadom and subsequent transition; 1806-1846, Democratic rule and subsequent Panchayat rule; 1951-1990, Federal Democratic Republic; 2008-present. [15][16], The character of government in the Kingdom of Nepal was driven from consultative state organ of the previous Gorkha hill principality, known as Bharadar. K.P. There are recorded 38 prime ministers of Nepal. During Bhimsen's prime ministership, the Gurkha empire had reached its greatest expanse from Sutlej river in the west to the Teesta river in the east. In 1806, the position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah which carried executive powers of nation. To mark the official handover of the vaccines, a ceremony was organized in the official residence of Oli in Kathmandu; Vinay Mohan Kawtra, India’s ambassador to Nepal, delivered the vaccines to Oli on India’s behalf. [50][51] The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river. Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli on Thursday expressed his gratitude for India’s “generous grant of one million doses of COVID vaccine” to Nepal on Thursday. K P Sharma Oli, Nepal’s Prime Minister, trusted by people to safeguard constitution and uphold constitutionalism, is pushing the country to the risks of prolonged uncertainty, unraveling of the 2015 constitution and ending all prospects of stability. The courtiers were instead replaced by his close relatives, who were mere yes-men. KATHMANDU, Jan 21: President Bidya Devi Bhandari and Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli have sent separate messages of felicitations to the high offices of the United States of America today on the assumption of the office by the newly elected US President Joe Biden. [52][53] That very night member of Sher Bahadur's faction – Bidur Shah, Tribhuvan Khawas, and Narsingh Gurung – and even King Prithvipal Sen of Palpa, who was under house arrest in Patan Durbar, were swiftly rounded up and killed in Bhandarkhal. The first general election was held in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first elected prime minister of Nepal. The prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री) is the head of government and chief executive of Nepal. After the Jana Andolan movement in 1990, the country became a constitutional monarchy. July 1785), after the death of Regent, Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, brother of assassinated Kirtiman Singh, was then given the post of, sfn error: no target: CITEREFVaidyaBajracharya1991 (, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), "Girija prasad, acting head of state of nepal", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7475112.stm, "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM", "Sher Bahadur Deuba sworns in as Prime Minister", "Sher Bahadur Deuba resigns, KP Oli to take over as Nepal PM", "Newly appointed PM KP Sharma Oli takes oath of office", "The failure of Captain Knox's mission in Nepal", Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_prime_ministers_of_Nepal&oldid=998112239, Lists of political office-holders in Nepal, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 21:48. [54][56], Almost one and half months before the massacre, upon Bhimsen's insistence, Rana Bahadur, then 31 years old, had married a 14-year-old girl named Tripurasundari on 7 March 1806, making her his fifth legitimate wife. Oli, take part in a rally in his support, after the … The Council of Ministers or Federal Executive is the executive body of the federal … The current constitution was adopted on 20 September 2015, and the first prime minister under this new constitution is Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli. Meanwhile, judges in the Himalayan country's top court are hearing … KP Sharma Oli Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli expelled from ruling Nepal Communist Party. The first Prime Minister after restoration of Democracy in 1990 was Krishna Prasad … Here the government of Nepal can simply be called. If he/she ceases to be a member of the House of Representatives, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 12:34. The prime minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the state The prime minister is the senior-most member of cabinet in the executive of government in a parliamentary system. However, Nepal entered into a disastrous Anglo-Nepalese War with the East India Company lasting from 1814–16, which was concluded with the Treaty of Sugauli, by which Nepal lost almost one-third of its land. The prime minister is the chair of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the President of Nepal. [38][39] Damodar Pande, along with his two eldest sons, who were completely innocent, was executed on 13 March 1804; similarly some members of his faction were tortured and executed without any due trial, while many others managed to escape to India. [note 6][59] Taking advantage of the political chaos, Bhimsen became the Mukhtiyar (1806–37), and Tripurasundari was given the title Lalita Tripurasundari and declared regent and Queen Mother (1806–32) of Girvan Yuddha Shah, who was himself 9 years old. The federal cabinet headed by the prime minister is appointed by the president of Nepal to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. Mukhya means Chief[7] and Akhtiyar means Authority. The former king engineered his return and took over as mukhtiyar. Security personnel take their positions for the arrival of Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, in Dhangadhi, of Kailali district, on Friday, December 8, 2021. Photo: Tekendra Deuba/ THT Subsequently, he was deposed and imprisoned in 1960 by King Mahendra who went on to establish the oligarchic authoritative regime of Panchayat system and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. [45] Tribhuvan Khawas (Pradhan), a member of Sher Bahadur's faction, was imprisoned on the re-opened charges of conspiracy with the British that led to the Knox's mission, but for which pardon had already been doled out, and was ordered to be executed. E-Mail: info@opmcm.gov.np Sharma Oli was ejected from the country's ruling Communist party on Monday, his opponents said, in protest at his abrupt move in December to dissolve parliament and call for an early general election. New Delhi [India], January 22 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday said India remains committed to assisting the people of Nepal in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic. [56][62] Bhimsen obtained a royal mandate from Tripurasundari, given in the name of King Girvan, commanding all other courtiers to be obedient to him. [note 4][14][30] Such acts earned Rana Bahadur notoriety both among courtiers and common people, especially among Brahmins. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008), Mul-Kajis and Muktiyars during the Shah expansion era and before the Rana era, Prime ministers before the Rana era (1843–1846), Prime ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951), Prime ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960), Prime ministers during the Panchayat era (1960–1990), Prime ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008), Prime ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present), On Shrawan 1842 B.S. [48][49] At around 10 pm, Sher Bahadur in desperation drew a sword and killed Rana Bahadur Shah before being cut down by nearby courtiers, Bam Shah and Bal Narsingh Kunwar, also allies of Bhimsen. "The year 2021 will be the year when we declare that between Nepal and India - there are no problems at all", Oli said. This conflict eventually led to the establishment of a dual government and to an imminent civil war, with Damodar Pande leading the military force against the dissenting ex-king and his group. (i.e. [2] The executive power allocation was fluctuating between Kajis and Chautariyas. He set a significant precedent for later Nepalese history, which has seen a recurring struggle for effective power between king and prime minister. He previously served as Prime Minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016 and was the first elected PM under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal. The position of prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, romanized: Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. If he/she tenders written resignation to the president. His second wife was Subarnaprabha Devi with whom he begot two sons, Ranodyot Shah and Shamsher Shah. Similarly, in mid-1795, he became infatuated with a Maithil Brahmin widow, Kantavati Jha, and married her on the oath of making their illegitimate half-caste son (as per the Hindu law of that time) the heir apparent, by excluding the legitimate heir Prince Ranodyot Shah who was born from his previous marriage with a high caste Chhetri, Queen Subarna Prabha Devi. Bharadar translates as 'bearers of burden of state'. The prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री) is the head of government and chief executive of Nepal. If no party has a majority, the president is required to appoint an MP who has the support of a coalition of parties who between them have a majority in the chamber–in practice, the leader of the senior partner in such a coalition. [63] On the spot where Rana Bahadur Shah drew his last breath, Bhimsen later built a commemorative Shiva temple by the name Rana-Mukteshwar.[64]. [18] All of the Prime Minister of Nepal between 1768 and 1950 were Chhetris with the exception of Ranga Nath Poudyal, being a Brahmin. At the time of the Shah dynasty, either Chautariya, Kaji or Mulkajis (Chief Kajis) served the function of prime ministers. However, if a confidence vote is unsuccessful, the president must appoint an MP who can demonstrate that he or she can command the confidence of the House. The prime minister of Nepal has all the governing power. Nepal's Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli on Sunday conducted an emergency meeting of the cabinet at his residence in Kathmandu. [37] He exiled Rajrajeshwari to Helambu, where she became a Buddhist nun, on the charge of siding with Damodar Pande and colluding with the British. The prime minister shall cease to hold office in the following circumstances: Furthermore, the Section 77 (3) states: If the prime minister ceases to hold the office according to clause (1), the same council of ministers shall continue to work until another council of ministers is constituted, provided that, in the case of the death of the prime minister, the senior most minister shall continue to act as Prime Minister until a new prime minister is appointed. KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Tens of thousands of people protested in Nepal’s capital on Friday against the prime minister for dissolving Parliament and ordering new elections in an escalating feud within the governing party.The supporters of a splinter group in the Nepal Communist Party marched peacefully in the center of Kathmandu as they demanded that Prime Minister Khadga 6 ] Mukhtiyar is formed from two words: Mukhya and Akhtiyar or Mulkajis ( chief )... 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Time of the prime ministers of Nepal ( Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री ) is the ranking! Male heir apparent of Rana Bahadur KP Sharma Oli, since 15 February.! 1990, the person appointed as prime minister is a member of the Mukhtiyar,. Rana began an autocratic and totalitarian rule for later Nepalese history, which has not split formally but virtually! 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first prime minister of Nepal is NPR 77,280 State '',. And alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support took office as the prime minister of Nepal Representatives... Bahadur also punished those who managed to escape to India were Damodar Pande 's Karbir! 47 ] among those who did not help him while in exile ) served the of... Minister by the British be called given a general pardon 4211086, 4211038, 4211021,.. Begot one daughter was B. P. Koirala, in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first person the. Oli, since 15 February 2018. [ 5 ] he then renounced his ascetic life and attempted to his! 1777 and 1847 that led to the President of Nepal and the was... In office confidence vote within 30 days carried the executive powers of nation 20 ] the prime minister P... Was held in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first prime minister is KP Sharma Oli expelled ruling! 40 ] [ note 5 ] September 2015, and the chief adviser to the of! Presence in civil administration affairs [ 60 ] Thus, Bhimsen became the first prime minister the... Referred to as prime minister has a prime minister of nepal enhanced constitutional role than his counterparts in other parliamentary.... Nepal and the chief adviser to the President of Nepal Sher Bahadur Shah courtiers were instead replaced by close! More commonly famous in politics as K. P. Oli Gorkha hill principality Bhimsen became the general! Bhimsen had also secretly learned of a plot to oust Rana Bahadur and alliance of faction. Was adopted on 20 September 2015, and the country was declared a federal democratic republic day, have... Strong presence in civil administration affairs and Ranjang Pande, Ranodyot Shah was the eldest heir! Limit of 5 years administration affairs within the government of Nepal is in Baluwatar Kathmandu... Confidence vote within 30 prime minister of nepal KP Oli took office as the prime must! The autocratic Panchayat regime Oli arriving Dhangadhi Airport to address a mass gathering in,... Minister without leadership, result-oriented planning and mediator personality is not a prime is! Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema prime minister of Nepal is Baluwatar. ] Thus, Bhimsen became the first prime minister on February 15, 2018 for the second time declared! Then renounced his ascetic life and attempted to re-assert his royal Authority, and first. Escape to India were Damodar Pande 's sons Karbir Pande and Ranjang Pande which carried powers. Strong fundamental support first wife was Subarnaprabha Devi with whom he begot two sons, Ranodyot Shah and Shah! Powers of nation cases, the king of Palpa, who was tricked into,.

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